Efektifitas Pestisida Biologis Bacillus Cereus dan Bacillus Megaterium. sebagai Pengendali Spodoptera litura Fabr (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

I Made Indra Agastya, Aminudin Afandhi, Luqman Qurata Aini


This research was conducted in vitro in the laboratory. Studies conducted in the laboratory of bacteriology department of plant pests and diseases of the faculty of agriculture, University of Brawijaya, on the effectiveness of the bacteria Bacillus cereus and Bacillus megaterium as biological pesticides controlling Spodoptera litura. The objective of this study to determine the effectiveness of the bacteria Bacillus sp as biological control. Effectiveness pesticide is measured by testing the incubation period and mortality in larvae of S. litura instar 3. This study used a completely randomized design (CRD), conducted Observations every 6 hours until the larvae dead. The results showed that the percentage of mortality of S. litura reached 94.66% compared with the control, while the incubation time of the bacteria B. cereus cause disease until 29.84 hours. B. cereus and B. megaterium have the ability to incubate third instar larvae of S. litura up to 29.84 hours and caused the death of larvae up to 94.66%.


Biological pesticides, Bacillus cereus, Bacillus megaterium, entomopatogen, Spodoptera litura.

Full Text:



Agaisse, H. & Lereclus, D. 1995. How does Bacillus thuringiensis produce so much insecticidal crystal protein. Journal of Bacteriology.177 : 6027-6032.

BP2TP NTB. 2014. Wawancara serangan Spodoptera litura di Desa Setanggor Lombok Tengah. 2014

Busvine, J. R. 1971. A Critical Review of The Techniques for Testing Insecticides. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux. London: 345 pp.

De Vos, P. et al. 2009. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology: The Firmicutes Springer. Vol. 3

Kenneth, Todar. 2012. Textbook of Bacteriology. University of Wisconsin. Department of Bacteriology.

Lee, M.K., You, T.H., Gould, F.L. et al. 1999. identification of residues in Domain III of Bacillus thuringiensisCryIAc toxin thar affect binding and toxicity Applied and environmental. Microbiology. 65 : 4513-4520

Mandal, S.M.A., B.K. Mishra, and P.R. Mishra. 2003. Efficacy and economics of some biopesticides in managing Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) on chickpea. Annuals of Plant Protection Sciences 11: 201 203.

Margulis, L., Jorgensen, J, Dolan, S., Kolchinsky, R., Rainey, F., and Shyh-Ching. “The Arthromitus stage of Bacillus cereus: Intestinal symbionts of animals.” Proceedings of the National Science Academy U S A. 1998. Volume 3; 95(3). p. 1236–1241

Rohani, Luh Poni Sri. 1991. Pengendalian Biologis Dengan Jamur. Bahan Pengajaran/Kuliah Pusat Antar Universitas Bidang Ilmu Hayati-ITB.

Tanada, Y. and H.K. Kaya.1993. Insect pathology. Academic Press, San Diego, California. 563p

Untung, K. 1993. Pengantar pengelolaan hama terpadu. Gadjah Mada University press : Yogyakarta


  • There are currently no refbacks.




Published by :
Unit Penelitian Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Politeknik Negeri Lampung
Jl. Soekarno-Hatta, No. 10, Rajabasa, Bandar Lampung, Lampung 35144.
Telp.    (0721) 703995
Faks.    (0721) 703995
Email: jppt@polinela.ac.id

Copyright of Jurnal Pertanian Terapan ( p-ISSN 1410-5020 |  e-ISSN 2047-1781)

Lisensi Creative Commons Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah  Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional